There are many traditions in psychoanalysis; in fact one of the most common criticisms of psychoanalysis is the lack of consensus between schools of thought with different traditions departing from different theoretical positions, a situation that does have an effect upon the strategies and styles of clinical intervention.
Jacques Lacan is a French psychoanalyst who returned to Sigmund Freud’s ideas on the unconscious from within the framework of the thought of the time he lived: the linguistic turn of the XX century. Lacan is one of the most influential psychoanalysts of the XX century and his thought is still an inspiration and departure point for contemporary clinical research and cultural criticism.
Lacan's fascinating and complex life-long work is centered on the effect of language on the body. How the words we have been told —and the ‘holes’ left by the words we have never heard of — have colonized us? A lacanian analyst listens to the speech of people and works with the words that a person brings into a session.
Following Freud's discovery, Lacan worked very carefully developing a theory to guide the psychoanalyst's interventions and to account for the direction of the treatment. Often, a psychoanalyst works under the supervision of other practitioners, who listen to the development of a case and might make suggestions.
Even when psychoanalysis remains 'cut out' from the realm of the natural sciences, psychoanalysis is a conjectural praxis, this is to say, it works on the basis of a series of hypotheses which are in permanent development and subject to study and critique. Rather than a problem, I find reassurance in this openness to discovery and excitement in the debates that psychoanalysis commits us to.
I have chosen the lacanian tradition because of its rigour, its sophistication of thought and its ethic.